Important Update About Turkey Coup

Dear Friends, Many of you have been wondering what is happening in Turkey. Following are some details and few of the recent information appeared on International media outlets and major organizations’ websites. We thought that you may be interested in reading and watching.

Mr. Gulen calls for an international investigation of coup attempt in Turkey

Yesterday’s Interviews with Glen on Developments in Turkey

Click to watch First Interview with Gulen

Click to watch Second Interview with Gulen

WHAT IS HAPPENING?

  • On Fridaynight, a group of middle-ranking Turkish soldiers attempted a coup
  • Their focus was on Ankara and Istanbul, taking control of the Istanbul’s bridges, airports, the Turkish parliament, and some police stations
  • Their attempted coup was ill-planned and badly executed
  • Their efforts were thwarted by the police aided by the huge public support
  • 161 people killed, including members of the coup; 1,500 wounded; 3,000 soldiers arrested
  • The government has blamed the coup on the Gulen movement. Some govt ministers have also blamed the US as being behind the coup.

Who is behind this coup?

  • We really do not know. It is too early to say. We can only guess by looking at who is getting benefit out of it.
  • What we do know is that Erdogan has already started using this incident as a pretext to further purge state and society beyond those involved in the coup.
  • For example, while it was reported that 47 military officers were involved in the coup, as of now, almost 3,000 officers, including tens of generals have been arrested. Furthermore, the Higher Board of Judges and Prosecutors sacked 2745 judges and prosecutors including ten of its own members. Already tens of appellate judiciary judges are detained by orders from the Ankara Prosecutor.
  • How did the government determine the culpability of 2745 judges overnight in a coup orchestrated by a fraction of the military? Clearly, these are people the government wanted to get rid of anyway and is using this opportunity to do so.

Has Gulen condemned the coup?

  • Absolutely and unequivocally
  • Fethullah Gulen called for international probe into Turkey coup allegations, says will accept findings
  • In the early hours of the coup, the Alliance for Shared Values, an organization that speaks on behalf of Gulen, condemned the coup attempt. This was followed by a personal statement by Gulen, and by leading Gulen inspired organizations condemning the coup without if’s and but’s.
  • Gulen’s condemnation was picked up by the world press, including the FT.

So Why Has Erdogan Blamed Gulen for this Coup?

  • Gulen and Hizmet is Erdogan’s “default scapegoat”. Whenever something happens that he does not approve, he blames it on Gulen.
  • Be it a condemnatory letter from 75 US Senators on Turkey; to corruption investigations; to something [else ridiculous]. Gulen becomes a pretext to purge state and society of anyone not entirely loyal.
  • It is far easier to blame this on Gulen because that is a narrative the public have already come to accept. Also, by claiming that the Gulen movement is everywhere, blaming this military act on Gulen allows Erdogan to strike elsewhere on pretext that they are one and the same.

So the Turkish People Stood with President Erdogan Against the Military? I thought They Hated that Guy?

  • Erdogan’s support among the Turkish electorate was approximately 40-50 per cent before this coup. So he already had widespread support.
  • Even those staunchly critical of Erdogan and the government condemned the coup and stood by the government.
  • Crucially, the coup plotters failed to project the sense that their coup was succeeding which coup experts point out as crucial.
  • There was no support for a military takeover by the Turkish people

Why have the people opposed Erdogan in the past? What has he done that has made people so unhappy?

  • In his 1st and 2nd terms, Erdogan ran a reforming government.
  • However, from 2010 onwards, Erdogan became increasingly authoritarian as he began to pursue more populist Islamist policies. The summer 2013 Gezi park protests was in reaction to this authoritarianism which Erdogan labelled as a coup of the “interest rate lobby”, a euphemism for the Jewish lobby.
  • This authoritarian streak gained momentum when a series of corruption investigations implicating Erdogan’s inner circle went public in December 2013 onwards. To suppress the substantial evidence and judicial investigations, Erdogan fought back to control and colonize the judiciary, media and civil society to crush all forms of dissent.
  • Many people are unhappy with the resulting authoritarian regime.

What now?

  • Erdogan has already won. There won’t be any meaningful opposition to his witch-hunt against opposition groups from now on.
  • Till now, the Chief of General Staff resisted Erdogan’s attempts of redesigning the military. The Chief of staff has now given into that.
  • Having attained complete loyalty from Turkish state and civil society structures, Erdogan next stop is likely to be the Turkish diaspora overseas.
  • We are already seeing coordinated attacks against Hizmet overseas and this is likely to continue.
  • For the past 6 years Erdogan has been creating formal and informal structures through which to mobilize the Turkish-speaking and increasingly wider Muslim communities.

Fethullah Gulen issued the following statement on recent developments in Turkey

I condemn, in the strongest terms, the attempted military coup in Turkey. Government should be won through a process of free and fair elections, not force. I pray to Godfor Turkey, for Turkish citizens, and forall those currently in Turkey that this situation is resolved peacefully and quickly.As someone who suffered under multiple military coups during the past five decades, it is especially insulting to be accused of having any link to such an attempt. I categorically deny such accusations.

Click to see the Statement

Statement by Alliance for Shared Values on Developments in Turkey

News media reported about developments in Turkey today regarding actions of Turkish Armed Forces.
For more than 40 years, Fethullah Gulen and Hizmet participants have advocated for, and demonstrated their commitment to, peace and democracy. We have consistently denounced military interventions in domestic politics. These are core values of Hizmet participants. We condemn any military intervention in domestic politics of Turkey.Events on the ground are moving quickly and it would be irresponsible for us to speculate on them. We remain concerned about the safety and security of Turkish citizens and those in Turkey right now.

Comments by pro-Erdogan circles about the movement are highly irresponsible.

Click to see the Statement

Here are Some Articles Appeared on Major Media Outlets

Turkey’s Coup That Wasn’tRoger Cohen, NY Times
As coups go, the Turkish effort was a study in ineptitude: No serious attempt to capture or muzzle the existing political leadership, no leader ready to step in, no communication strategy (or even awareness of social media), no ability to mobilize a critical mass within either the armed forces or society. In their place a platoon of hapless soldiers on a bridge over the Bosporus in Istanbul and the apparently uncoordinated targeting of a few government buildings in Ankara.
In Turkey, the least bad – Erdogan’s survival – has prevailed. That does not mean much worse will not follow. A failed coup does not mean democracy is the winner. In fact, the worst of this prickly autocrat may now be unleashed upon Turkey, with America and its allies able to do little about it.

Click to see the Statement

The GuardianTurkey Was Already Undergoing a Slow-Motion Coup – by Erdo?an, not the Army

  • For the last three years, the Turkish president has been methodically moving to take over the nodes of power
  • The lesson of the failed coup is that Turkey needs a leader who can bring different sides of a divided society together – or at the very least, one who is willing to try.
  • In recent years, Erdo?an has alienated rivals and exacerbated Turkey’s instability for his personal gain. He has exploited ethnic and sectarian tensions, restarted a domestic war with the Kurds and sought to divide the population to garner greater constitutional powers. Erdogan’s dangerous games has brought levels of violence and instability not seen in Turkey for decades.
  • The aftermath will be bloody and repressive. It will be rule of the mob, rather than rule of law that will shape Turkish politics and society. More than 1,000 members of the military have been arrested and more than 2,000 judges have been laid off. Pro-government mobs have brutally attacked anyone they perceive as being anti-Erdo?an or anti-government. Darker days lie ahead for Turkey.

Click to read the Article 1

Click to read the Article 2

U.S. Department’s Turkey’s 2015 Human Right Report Disclosed Human Right Violations in Turkey
1. Erdogan’s Interference with Freedom of Expression: The report included Erdogan’s take over of major Media Outlets to silence opposition voices.

2. Erdogan’s use of anti-terror law to silence opposition voices (As Erdogan’s McCarthyism): Opposition party members, journalists, and civic leaders were arrested with little or no transparency.
3. Civilians were not protected adequately. Many civilians were killed by security officiers and Doctors, teachers, and other officials received intimidation and threat by the government. Little or no afford to prosecute security forces were another aspect included in the report
4. Use of discriminatory lenguage against minatory groups including but not limited to, Armenians, Alevi, Jews were highlighed in the report

Click to see the Report

Click to see the Washington Post Article

Helsinki Commission Co-Chair on Media Crack Down in Turkey
In response to the seizure of Turkey’s largest circulation daily newspaper, Zaman, Helsinki Commission Co-Chairman Senator Roger Wicker issued the following statement:”I am deeply concerned by President Erdogan’s decision to seize the operations of Zaman, an important outlet for independent voices in Turkey. The government takeover of Zaman represents the complete closing of Turkey’s previously vibrant and diverse media environment. Today, Turkey is not only less informed but it is also less free.”
Co-Chairman Wicker also expressed concern about reports that,in the past 18 months, 1,845 criminal cases have been brought against Turkish citizens for insulting President Erdogan. He said, “Weurge Turkey to repeal these outdated insult and criminal defamation laws altogether.When a fundamental freedom like freedom of speech and the media is at risk, democracy itself is at risk.”

Click to see the Document

Click to see the Letter of 70+ US Senators

Why Reza Zarrab Matters?
Last month the arrest of Turkish-Iranian Businessman in US turned Manhattan U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara into a social media celebrity (Refer to the Link below to watch the comment of U.S. Attorney). Thousands of Turkish people started following him following the arrest. Why does the arrest of Reza Zarrab matter to Turks?
In December 2013, Turkish polices and prosecutors arrested Reza Zarrab, children of three cabinet members and head of Halk Bank. The evidence found were their phone conversations prior to the arrest, millions of dollars stored in shoo boxes, and money counting machines in their homes. In response to that, instead of letting the course process go deeper, Erdogan have purged thousands of judges, prosecutors and police officers, with some losing their jobs and others facing trial for allegedly seeking to overthrow the government, and released the arrested Zarrab and the other individuals. Finally, the Case were dropped.

The absence of free media and free judges and prosecutors makes unlikely any prospect that the U.S. case against Mr. Zarrab will spark a new Turkish investigation into corruption allegations targeting Mr. Erdogan’s inner circle. However, the arrest of Zarrab in US created an opportunity, at least, to disclose what has been hidden from the public in Turkey.

On April 27, 2016, the prosecutors alleged Turkish-Iranian gold trader Zarrab and others helped entities with evading U.S. sanction against Iran

Click to see the NYTimes Article

Click to see the WSJ Article

Click to watch the Prosecutors Comments

European Union’s Turkey 2015 Report Highlights

  • The independence of the judiciary and the principle of separation of powers have been undermined and judges and prosecutors have been under strong political pressure.
  • The adoption of key legislation in the area of the rule of law, freedom of expression and freedom of assembly ran against European standards.

Corruption remains widespread. The undue influence by the executive in the investigation and prosecution of high-profile corruption cases continues to constitute a major concern.

  • Protection of human rights and rights of minority groups are still concern

Serious backsliding on freedom of speech was seen over the past two years. Ongoing and new criminal cases against journalists, writers or social media users are of considerable concern. Changes to the internet law, which are a significant setback from European standards, increased the government’s powers to block content without a court order on an unduly wide range of grounds.

Click to see the E.U. Report

About Fethullah Gulen

 

Extracted from Indialogue Foundation

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