By Muhammed Shafeeq CMThe existence of religious faith is embodied by religious identities, which explore the spiritual glory of forefathers. Indeed, Muharram, the first month in Hijra Calendar, commemorates some solemn events from the Islamic chronicles. As explicated in Hadees, ‘those who took fast on Thursday, Friday and Saturday from the month of Muharram will be kept away from the hell, by a distance of 700 years travelling interval’. There are narrations which elucidate that it is a good practice (Sunnath) to be in fast completely during this sacred month. Furthermore, those who perform extra prayer in the first day of Muharram will be forgiven every sin. As the whole world well celebrate January 1 as New Year, it is inevitable for a Muslim to discern the forte of this month from the Islamic holy texts. Moreover, the Tenth day of Muharram has enormous historical records exemplifying the divine beauty of Islam.
Muharram 10: Celebration of Jews
Jews vividly rejoice the tenth day of Muharram by numerous methods of ritual practices. According to them, Fasting was a part of their celebration. Prophet Muhammed said: ‘Jews recognize the tenth day of Muharram (Namely, Ashura’a) with merriment. Thus, you may also do fast on that day’ (Bhukari-1866). As per the narration of Imam Muslim, The people of Khaibar do fast during the day of Ashura’a. The women wore new costumes, demonstrating the sacredness of the day (Muslim-1913).
The prominent Hadees scholar, Imam Ibn Hajar Al Asqalani says in the dominant text ‘Fathhul bari’: The prophetic word quoted by Ibn Abbas motivates fasting in terms of support with the Jews in reason- express gratitude to god for rescuing Prophet Moosa from the enemies. It is not mandatory to interpret non-fasting on Jews in regards of their celebration and belief. Their religious text may convey fasting as a part of celebration. It is vividly expounded in the Hadees narrated by Ibn moosa. Imam Muslim also explained that the people of Khaibar do fast during the day of Ashura’a and the women wore new costumes, demonstrating the sacredness of the day. (Fathah Ul Bari 6-255)
These utterances reveal the importance that Jews had given for this day, pursuing the remembrance of prophet Moosa. Prophet Moosa is more associated with Muslims than Jews and it is obligatory for him to consider the day with greater significance.
- Imam Bayhaqi stated in Shua’b Ul Iman that Prophet Nuh landed his ship on the tenth day of Muharram. This event transmits a spiritual message of revelation of mercy from the god.(Hadees Number-3640)
- As per Bidayath Al Nihayath, Prophet Moosa won against the magicians of the king Ferova on Muharram 10th (1-354).Moreover, Farova was killed in river on the same day. For a believer, this event is enough to find salvation from all pains during this sanctified day.
- As in Iyanath Ul Thalibeen, Sayyid ul Bakri explore following specialties for the month of Muharram.
-The repentance of Prophet Adam and his wife Hawwah (A) was accepted by god on Muharram 10th. Therefore, it is the most appropriate day for asking forgiveness from the deity.
– Prophet Idrees (A) was upgraded to ultra superb position on this day. Sufi saints often instructs this day for seeking spiritual greatness from the god. They made those nights of Ashura’a worthy by ritual practices and entreaties.
-Prophet Ibraheem (A) rescued from the fire of Namrood on this day. This eventual description explicitly says to seek refuge with Allah from the disturbance of Devil as the story of Ibrahim (A) has a brutal background of cheating from Satan.
-Prophet Ya’qoob (A) gets back his sight on this holy day. Moreover, Prophets like Ayyub (A), Yunnus (A) and Yusuf (A) found recovery from their hazardous circumstances during this day. It was the tradition of Muslims to seek the shelter
-It is believed that Prophet Sulaiman (A) got the reign on this day. In addition, Almighty Allah built this world on Muharram 10th. Both of these occurrences typify the prominence of god, which a believer wants to park in his mind unto death.
-Rain, the dominant symbol of mercy from the god was brought down to earth on this day. It is remarked in the religious texts that Allah has only given a simple part of his vast mercy to this world. As exemplified in the book ‘Adkhar’ of Imam Navavi (R), there are certain reputations specified for this holy day.
Karbala: the story of pain and the message to Muslims
As per the words of Imam Thabrani in his text ‘Al Mu’ajam Al kabeer’ the martyrdom of Imam Husain (R), the granddaughter of Prophet Muhammed was happened on Muharram tenth (2736). World widely, the Shiya Community is commemorating this day as a holy remembrance of the martyr Imam Husain (R). The karbala war (the war Imam Husain was killed) has an atrocious picture of cruelties upon Imam Husain. Due to mindless pain from this disaster, the Shia community often memorize this day by damaging their own bodies. According to Shafi jurisprudence book, Thuhfath Al Muhthaj written by Imam Ibn Al Hajar (R), it is strictly prohibited to curse the body without any need. As an exemption, it is allowed to bite the body with the belief of Karamath from the holy saints and scholars of Islam. However The Shia community performs these actions to resemble the pain accepted by the Imam Husain. It can be promoted as it is highly banned in the religious doctrines.
As for puritan Muslims, it was a usual tradition to change the important events from this day in terms of protest against the karbala events.
Ashura’a and Thasu’a
Imam Zain Ul Dheen Al Makhdoom says in his foremost work ‘Fathah Ul Mueen’ that it is a good practice to do fast in the 9th and 10th day of Muharram. Prophet said: If I am alive in upcoming yes, indeed, I will do fast on the 9th Muharram also. The Name Ashura’a and Thasu’a were emerged by connecting the term with Ashir and Thasi’a which mean 9th and 10th. I use this opportunity to wish happy New Year to whole Muslims living in the world.
- Swaheeh Ul Bhukari of Imam Bhukari
- Swaheeh Ul Muslim of Imam Muslim.
- Shua’ab Al Iman of Imam Bayhaqi
- Al Bidayath Va Nihayyath
- Al Muajam Al Kabeer of Imam Thabrani
- Thuhfath Al Muhthaj of Imam Ibn Al Hajar.
- Fath AL Mueen of Zain Ul Dheen Al Makhdoom Al Sanni
- Iyanath Al Thalibeen of Sayyid Al Bakri