By Adv. Masood Peshimam, Word For Peace
History is a social science. Its facts can’t be tasted in the lab. It is the duty of the scholars, historians, researchers and the media practitioners to put the facts straight. Any distortion of facts to satisfy the whim and caprice of the present communal culture is to abandon the essence of credibility. History cannot be read and experienced with a prejudiced mind and blinkered vision.
The move to bring back the antique like KOHINOOR or anything of that kind is to revisit or revive the moments of past glory whether of Mughals, Rajputs, Marathas or other Indian natives. In the present situation, reclaiming Kohinoor from Britain has attracted an increasingly growing attention.
It is said that the Sikh prince had gifted it to the Britishers. But it is not supported with any fine logic as the prince was not mature enough to attend to such important matters and the compelling circumstances can’t be equated with the choice of free will.
The campaign to bring back Kohinoor equally smelt the distortion of the historical facts with the blacking out of the period which was closely associated with the illustrious diamond. The very narration as to how it came into the possession of Sikhs is deliberately washed out.
Embarrassingly, it is to note that the entire Mughal period distinguished for possessing the precious jewel is overlooked to trivialise the moments of glory of that period.
There are a lot of narrations and the anecdotes concerning the precious diamond. The glaring revelations emerged in the writing of Emperor Babar in Babar’s name. It is said that in the battle of Panipat with the defeat of Ibrahim Lodhi, the maharajah of Gwalior had gifted Kohinoor to Humayun. Later on, Humayun handed it over to the emperor Babar. Subsequently in the realm of Shahjahan, the emperor had embellished the Takht-e-Tause with the magnificent jewel which attracted the jewellers, craftsmen and artists from far and wide.
The jewellers and the craftsmen continued to visit Mughal darbar. This was during the reign of Aurangzeb. The famous gemmologist from Venice came to the Mughal darbar. Aurangzeb asked him to shape it up further to enhance its beauty. However in the process the diamond fell down and broke. Aurangzeb punished the gemmologist from Venice with the heavy fine.
With the passage of time the Mughal period was marred with the sharp decline. In the teeth of escalating decline Muhammad Shah Rangila was at the helm of affairs which attracted the devastating invasion of Nadir Shah. Nadir Shah unleashed the reign of terror. The devastating terror of Nadir Shah made Muhammad Shah Rangila surrender his crown and the precious jewel to Nadir Shah begging for mercy. Nadir Shah went back to Iran with the Takhte Taus and the Kohinoor in his possession. With the Murder of Nadir Shah the Kohinoor adorned the crown of Ahmad Shah. Ahmed Shah faced the worrying moments with his son held hostage by the Sikhs. Ahmed Shah’s son was intensely tortured for securing the precious jewel. Thus Kohinoor passed into the possession of Sikhs.
Interestingly the Sikhs failed to effectively challenge the supremacy of the Britishers and in the process were reconciled with the delivery of the illustrious diamond to the Britishers. It was projected as the gift as those having upper hand are free to choose their own interpretations and meanings and weak have no option except submission.
The precious jewel continued to adorn the Mughal glory largely and later added glory to the Sikh regime before it was handed over to the Britishers.
However while discussing the travels of Kohinoor the association with the Mughal period is washed out. Restraining the natation of the Mughal period in the backdrop of Kohinoor is to bypass its glory.