RELEVANCE OF GANDHIAN IDEAS TO GLOBAL WARMING

Mutalib Basher,Kerala for WordForPeace.com

Gandhi often quoted that there is enough for everybodys need, but not for everybodys greed.

Environmental Pollution and misusing natural resources are the self-styled good life today. Greedily exploitative economic activities such as rapacious excavation and industrial activities, guzzling ground water for commercial profit and privatization of natural resources like river and grazing lands in turn lead to global warming. This greedy task of human being is just like cutting the same bough which he is seated on.Gandhi often quoted that there is enough for everybodys need, but not for everybodys greed.

The solution stares us in the form simple Gandian ideas that advocate sustainable development through non-violent living in the sense of not going to war, but in the way we meet our daily life. He didnt leave in a modern all mansion, nor didnt on a car or Air conditioner and yet he was respected worldwide and became the inspiration for other international leaders like Martin Luther king and Nelson Mandela. How far we have strayed from gandian ideas of simple living and social equity.

The reports of inter-governmental panel on climate change (IPCC) have made clear that climate change is happening largely because of human activity. The origin of climate change lie principally in the developed economies, but its impact will be at least as great in the developing countries. Thus it may portray as a battle between them. In brief economic development and environmental policies are not in conflict, so they should need to go hand in hand.

GLOBAL WARMING: CLIMATE OF THREATE

Future climate and its impact could well deny to people the access to basic necessities like drinking water in times to come. The greenhouse effect (GHG) is causing melting of glaciers that are precious reservoirs of clean water. Not only would melt destroy the worlds fresh water reservoirs, it is also projected to cause floods and droughts, reduce the area of arable land adversely impact fish and food stocks. Erode coastlines as sea levels rise and trigger large movement of population to safer areas. This all will lead to large scale migration and competition for resources.

Global warming refers to increase in the average temperature of the earths near surface air and ocean in recent decades and its projected continuation caused by a steadily thickening blanket of human-induced greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and the fluorinated gases used in refrigeration and semiconductor manufacturing.

In the present context of environmental awareness global warming is the buzzword that reverberates in every corner of our planet. The chaotic climate behavior perceptible on global scale emission of anthropogenic greenhouse gases is a matter of grave concern threatening ecosystems of entire planet. Most climatologists believe a rise in global temperature has been going on for more than a century. There is an overwhelming consensus in the scientific community about global warming. There is a strong evidence to suggest that most of the observed increase in the globally averaged temperature since mid 20thcentury is attributable to the observed increase in emission of anthropogenic greenhouse gases.

Historically, main contribution to global warming have been on account of human- induced activities fossil fuel consumption, industrial activities, agricultural systems, changing land use patterns, and waste decomposition carried out in the developed countries and the economies in the transition which have been responsible for 75 percent of the total GHG emissions. Another major cause of global warming is deforestation. Unabated depletion of forest cover the world over is responsible for about a fifth of GHG emissions entering the atmosphere through the cutting and burning of 45,000 miles of forest across the globe each year.

Global warming could havoc with the entire humanity through extremes of whether pattern at regional level. The forest vanishing Artic perennial polar caps and the incidence of Himalayan glaciers lend further credibility to the phenomenon of global warming. Most of the global mountain glaciers, many of which feed major rivers at an accelerating pace as climate warm The loss of glaciers would take away a summer time source of river water, drinking water and hydroelectric power in popular and relatively poor paces like south Asia and the cities along the western slop of Adens. As per a study undertaken by the geological survey of India, the Gangothri glacier, one of the biggest In the Uttaranchal Himalayas is currently retreating at an average rate of about 19meter per year. Melting glaciers and ice capes will lead to racing of sea- level. That, in turn would lead to flooding all around the globe.

The author, Mutalib Basher is a scholar at Madeenathunnur collage, Calicut, Kerala, India

He has graduated in history from university of Calicut and interested in environmental studies.

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