HADITHS ON FAZILAT OF SHAB –E-BARAAT
DESIRABLE ACTIONS FOR 15TH SHABAAN
HOW TO WELCOME THIS NIGHT
WHAT TO RECITE IMMEDIATELY AFTER SUNSET
PRAYERS AFTER MAGHRIB ON THIS NIGHT
PRAYERS ON THE AUSPICIOUS NIGHT
DUA E NISF UL SHABAAN AFTER MAGHRIB SALAAT
FASTING ON THE 15TH SHABAAN
HADITHS ON FAZILAT OF SHAB-E-BARAAT
The 15th night of Shabaan is known as SHAB-e-BARAAT,which is next to Lailatul Qadir (27th night of Ramadaan) in auspiciousness. The Holy Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) is reported to have said: ”
People are not aware of the excellence of the month of Shabaan, the month that comes between the months of Rajab and Ramadaan. In this month, the action of the people are presented to Allahu ta’ala.I (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasallam) wish my actions to be presented whilst I am fasting.”
As Shab-e-Bara’at is near and surely all the Muslims must be having different and humble feelings in their hearts! According to a Hadith, we come to know that this very Night, fate of ever living being is written!! Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:
“Jibreel-e-Ameen (alaihis-salaam) came to me and said, this is the fifteenth night of Sha’ban, in this night Allah frees as many sinners from Hell as the hair of the goats of Bani Kalb. But he doesn’t have mercy on the polytheist, person bent on hatred, the drinker (drinking wine) and persons disobedient to parents.” [Shau’b al-Iman, Vol 3, Page 383, Hadith 3873]
There are narrations expounding the virtues of the night of mid-Sha‘ban one of which is related in theMusannaf of ‘Abd al-Razzaq from ibn ‘Umar that:
‘Indeed the supplication is not returned from five nights: the night of Jum‘ah, the night of the of ‘Id al-Adha, the night of the ‘Id al-Fitr, the first night of Rajab and the night of mid-Sha‘ban.
Sayyiduna Murra (radi Allahu anhu) narrates that The Holy Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, ‘On the 15th of Sha’baan, Allahu ta’ala forgives everyone on the earth except the disbelievers and those who nourish malice in their hearts (against someone).(Almuntajar Araabih)
Abu Malik al-Janabi related from Hadhrat ‘Aishah (radi Allahu anha)) who said:
‘I missed the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) one night so I went out to look for him [and found him] in al-Baqi‘ raising his hands to the sky supplicating. Then the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “ O daughter of Abu Bakr! What has brought you out here? “
Hadhrat Aisha (radi Allahu anha) replied: “ I was anxious and feared you might have went out to [see] your other wives”.
He [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] then said:
“Allah Glorious and Exalted descends to the nearest heaven on the night of mid-Sha‘ban and He forgives more people than the number of hairs on the hides of the sheep belonging to the tribes of Kalb.”
The Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam has said :
“O people,lighten and cleanse your bodies by way of fasting during Shabaan,so that is shall be easy and helpful to you for the fasting during Ramadaan.who so fasts three days during Shabaan,all his past sins are wiped off.”
So we must endeavour to fast for three day to include 15th Shabaan as one of the three days.
In order to observe the Night of Bara’ah, one should remain awakened in this night as much as he can. If someone has better opportunities, he should spend the whole night in worship and prayer. However, if one cannot do so for one reason or another, he can select a considerable portion of the night, preferably of the second half of it for this purpose, and should perform desirable acts and the acts of worship detailed below.
DESIRAB LE ACTIONS FOR 15TH SHABAAN : SHAB-E-BARAAT
- Give money or clothing as Sadaqa, Allahu ta’ala will give barakah and increase sustenance.
- Keep away from Bi’da, atheism and vain and evil talk.
- Pray more salaat on this night preferably over 100 raka’ats.
- Weep and cry and beg Allahu ta’ala to forgive sins – Maghfirat is guaranteed.
- Make Ghusl and keep fast. One will be clearly of sins as a newly born baby.
- If one has been disobedient to parents, one should make taubah.
- One must unit with one’s family, otherwise Allahu ta’ala will not forgive one this night.
- Indulge in Dhikrullah since the recite is promised Paradise on this night.
- If one has made enemies for any reason with anyone, try to make up this night.
- Keep away from back-biting, artists, alcoholics, magicians and those who bear hatred in their hearts should make taubah first and ask Allahu ta’ala for forgiveness.
- On the night make Dua for oneself, one’s country and for all Muslims.
- Apply Surma 3 times to one eye and 2 times to the other. One will not have pain in the eyes any more and will not be lazy in performing salaat.
- Keep utensils upside down for there will be barakah.
- Refrain from eating flesh.
- Keep all the household awake and stay awake the whole night.
- Make extra Tasbeeh in ruku and sajda while praying salaat.
HOW TO WELCOME THIS NIGHT
On this auspicious night, perform fresh Ghusal and Wudhu and perform the two Rakaat of Tahhiyatul Wudhu. In every Rakaat, after the Suratul Fatiha, recite Ayatul Kursi once and Surah Ahad three times.
Also perform eight Rakaats of Salaah with four Salaams. In each Rakaat after the Surah Fatiha, you should read the Ayatul Kursi (once) and Surah Ikhlas fifty times.
WHAT TO RECITE IMMEDIATELY AFTER SUNSET
After sunset, you should recite 40 times “La Hawla walaa Quwwata illa Billahil-aliyil Azeem“ and 3 times Durood Shareef before and after.
Among the rewards for reciting this, Allahu ta’ala will forgive forty years of one’s sins.
Fast on the day of 15th Shabaan –
According to the Hadith Shareef which is narrated by Ibne Habaan (radi Allahu anhu) that Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said:
“When the night of 15th Sha’baan arrives spend the night awake and keep fast the next day.”(Ibne Habaan)
Hazrat Abu Hurairah (radi Allahu anhu) reports that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said often in his Khutba:
“O people! Lighten and cleanse your bodies by way of fasting during Sha’baan, so that it shall be easy and helpful to you for the fast during Ramadaan. Whoso fasts for three days during Sha’baan, all his past sins are wiped off.” (Baihaqi)
Fasting is also recommended on the 13th , 14th and 15th of this month and every month.
PRAYERS AFTER MAGHRIB ON THIS DAY
for forgiveness of sins. After MAGHRIB salaat pray 2 raka’ats nawafil ‘Tahiyatul Wudhu’. After that pray 8 raka’ats in 4 raka’at salaam. In each raka’at after Surah Fatiha, recite Surah Ikhlas 5 times. The person will be cleared of his sins, his supplications will be accepted and in addition get a lot of thawwab.
FOR GUARDING OF IMAAN (FAITH): After MAGHRIB salaat, pray 2 raka’at nawafil salaat. In the first raka’at after Surah Fatiha, recite Surah Ikhlas 3 times and Surah Falaq once. In the second raka’at after Surah Fatiha, recite Surah Ikhlas 3 times and Surah Naas once. After the salaat, ask Allahu ta’ala for protection of Imaan.
FOR BARAKAAT IN RIZQ: After MAGHRIB salaat, pray 2 raka’at nawafil salaat. After the salaat read Surah Yaseen once, then make supplication to Allahu ta’ala for increase in sustenance and not make him dependant on others.
FOR LONG LIFE FILLED WITH PIETY AND PROTECTION FROM IGNOMINOUS AND UNTILELY DEATH: After MAGHRIB salaat, pray 2 raka’ats nawafi. Then read Surah Yaseen once. Then read Dua Nisful Shabaan once. Thereafter, pray for long life filled with piety and righteousness.
FOR THE REWARD OF 10,000 DEEDS. After MAGHRIB salaat, pray 20 raka’ats nawafil salaat in such a way that after Surah Fatiha, recite Surah Ikhlas 10 times in each raka’at. Allahu ta’ala will reward abundantly and ten thousand good deeds will be recorded in his Book of Deeds.
PRAYERS ON THIS AUSPICIOUS NIGHT.
PRAY FOR THE SOULS OF THE DEAD. On this SPECIAL NIGHT pray the following once: Surah Fatiha, ‘Alif Laam meem’ upto’Muflihoon’; Ayatul Kursi; ‘Aamanar Rasulo’ to the end; Surah Yaseen; Alhakomut-takasoro; then Surah Ikhlas 11, 7 or 3 times and then lift hands to Allahu ta’ala and then ask for the thawwab for this to be sent Holy Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), all the Prophets, the Sahaba Kiram, Awliya, Shohada, the whole Ummah and for the souls of our parents and our ‘ustaads’ (the Ulama).
FOR THE BASHARAT OF JANNAH.
On this SPECIAL NIGHT our Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to offer nawafil salaat. He said, “Anyone who offers 100 raka’ats of salaat on this blessed night, Allahu ta’ala will send 100 Angels to him. Of these 30 will bring him good news of Paradise. Another 30 will save him from punishment of Hell, another 30 will keep all calamities of the world away from him and the last 10 will protect him from the deception and will of Satan.”
BENEFITS OF SALAT UL KHAIR
It is good to spend that night praying Salat ul-Khair, which conists of 100 raka’ts, in each raka’t reciting Sura al-Fatiha and 10 Surat Ikhlas. To complete the prayer one recites 1000 Sura Ikhlas.
It is reported of al-Hasan [al-Basri] (radi Allahu anhu) that he once said:
”Thirty of the Companions of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) related to me that Allah will look seventy times upon one who performs this prayer on this night, and with each glance He will fulfill seventy of that person’s needs, the least of them being forgiveness.”
FOR FORGIVENESS OF SINS.
On this NIGHT, pray 4 raka’ats Nawafil salaat in one salaam. In each raka’at after Surah Fatiha, recite Surah Ikhlas 50 times. A person praying so will be cleared of sins as a new born baby.
FOR PROSPERITY, FORGIVENESS FREEDOM FROM GLOOM AND DEPRESSION:
Pray 2 raka’ats salaat. In each raka’at after Surah Fatiha, recite Ayatul Kursi once and Surah Ikhlas 15 times. After the salaat, recite Durood Sharif 100 times. This, insha-Allah, will lead to increase in prosperity, forgiveness of sins and freedom from gloom and depression.
DUA FOR SHAB-E-BARAAT
Dua Nisf ul Shabaan ul Mubarak
The Holy Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,
“Whoever recites this dua on this night, Allah Almighty will protect him from an ignominious and untimely death.”
Read Surah Yaseen three times between Maghrib and Esha on the Laylat al-Nisf (15) min Shaban and after each time, read a special du`a with the following intentions
First Read Yaseen with Niyyah of Long Age with Good Actions.
Second time, read Yaseen for the Niyyah of protection from Calamities.
Third time, read yaseen with the Niyyah of not being in Need on no one but Allah.
Every time you read Yaseen, read the Dua Nisf-Shaban after it.
DU‘A NISF SHA‘BAN (Transliteration)
Allahumma Yaa Dhal Manni walaa yumannu ‘Alayh.
Yaa Dhal Jalaali wa’l Ikraam. Yaa Dhat-Tawli wa’l In’aam.
Laa Ilaaha illa anta Zahru’llaajeen wa jaaru’l mustajeereen wa amaanu’l khaaifeen.
Allahumma in kunta katabtanee ‘Indaka fee Ummil Kitabi Shaqiyyan aw mahruman
aw matrudan aw muqattaran ‘alayya fi’rrizqi fa’mhu.
Allahumma bi Fadlika Shaqaawatee wa hirmaanee wa tardee wa’qtitaara rizqee.
Wa-athbitnee ‘Indaka fee Ummil Kitabi
Sa’eedan marzuqan muwaffaqan li’lkhayraati.
Fa Innaka Qulta wa Qawluka’l Haqq Fee Kitabika’l munzal ‘alaa lisaani Nabiyyika’l
Yamhullahu maa Yashaa’u wa yuthbit Wa ‘Indahu Ummul Kitab.
Ilaahi Bittajalli’l A’zam Fee laylatin-nisfi min shahri Sha’ban al-Mukarram.
Allatee yufraqu feehaa kullu amrin hakeemin wa yubram.
An takshifa ‘annaa mina’l ballaai wa’l balwaai Maa na’lamu wa maa laa na’lam.
Wa anta bihi a’lam.
Innaka anta’l A’azzu’l Akram.
Wa Sallallahu Ta’ala ‘alaa Sayyidina Muhammad-in Wa ‘alaa aalihi wa as’haabihi wa sallam. Wa’l Hamdu Lillahi Rabbi’l ‘Aalameen
DU‘A NISF SHA‘BAN (Translation)
O Allah! You shower favours on everyone
And no one can do You any favour.
O The Possessor of Majesty and Honour,
O The Distributor of bounty and rewards,
There is no one worthy of worship except You.
You help the fallen
And provide refuge to the refugees And give peace to those who are in fear.O Allah! If in the Mother of All Books that is with You
You have written me down as someone who is
Doubtful of achieving salvation, or deprived,
Or rejected or without enough sustenance,
Then, O Allah, with Your Grace
Remove all of these misfortunes from me
and in the Mother of All Books that is with You,
establish me as someone who is
blessed, with abundant provision and charitable good deeds.
Indeed, what You said in The Book You sent
Through the tongue of Your Blessed Prophet is true
That Allah changes and establishes what He wants
And with Him is the Mother of All Books.O My Lord! For the sake of Your Divine Manifestation
On this fifteenth night of the blessed month of Sha’ban
In which You issue all Wise and Irrevocable Decrees
Remove from us all calamities and hardships,
those that we know about as well as those that we don’t,
while You know everything.
Truly, You are the Most Powerful, Most Generous.
And may Allah the Exalted shower blessings and peace on
Sayyidina Muhammad, and on his family and his companions
And all praise is for Allah, Lord of the worlds.