THE FAZILAT, PRAYERS AND FASTS OF SIX DAYS OF SHAWWAL

SIX DAYS OF SHAWWAL

THAWWAB OF FASTING 6 DAYS OF SHAWWAL

NAWAFIL PRAYERS OF SHAWWAL

CLARIFICATION ON FASTING OF 6 DAYS OF SHAWWAL

Shawwal is a month full of blessings. The Holy Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and Hadhrat Ayesha, got married shortly before Hijrat in the 10thyear of the call. They were married in the month of Shawwal, thus breaking the superstition that it was inauspicious month for marriage ceremonies.

The first day of the month of Shawwal is the day of Eid, the Eid-ul-Fitr. Before rising of the sun that day, Angels come down from the heavens and declare, O Allahs servants! Allah has forgiven you because you fasted in Ramadan. If you fast 6days in Shawwal, then Allahu taala will reward you with a house so big that only a person who fasted these days will have as big. (Hadith)

 

THE SIX DAYS OF SHAWWAL

Hadhrat Abu Ayub Ansari (radi Allahu anhu) relates that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)) said:

Whoever fasts Ramadan and follows it with six days from Shawwal it is as if they fasted the entire year.[Muslim, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, and Ibn Majah; Ahmad transmitted it from Jabir, Muntaqa] The Holy Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)said: The one who offers the fast of Ramadan and then 6 voluntary fast of Shawwal, will be regard as though he had fasted perpetually. {Muslim, Abu Da’ud}

The Holy Prophet(sallallahu alaihi wasallam)also said: The one who fast the month of Ramadan and then 6 days of Shawwal, is so purified of sins as he was just born just today. {Muslim, Abu Da’ud}

So this is an established sunnah, which carries a great reward.

In commenting on the above mentioned hadith, As-San’ani said inSubul us-Salam: “If the thirty days of Ramadan fasting are assimilated with the six days of fasting in Shawwal, it altogether makes 36 days. According to Shari`ah, each virtue is rewarded ten times. Therefore, if we multiply 36 with 10, it makes 360, a number which equals the days of a year. Some scholars are of the opinion that these six days of fasting in Shawwal must be completed in a continuous order right after the end of Ramadan. Others believe that is enough to merely complete six days of fasting in Shawwal (in any order, either successive or with intervals), an opinion which is deemed to be correct.” We may also fast on Mondays and Thursdays, as in that case we would be following another Sunnah: Hadhrat Aisha (radiAllahu anha) narrated: “The Messenger of Allah (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) used to fast Mondays and Thursdays”. (an-Nasa’i)

If it is easier for one to fast on weekends, then in that case one would still be following another sunnah at the same time: Hadhrat Umm Salama (radiAllahu anha) narrated that Allahs Messenger used to fast mostly on Saturday and Sunday, and he used to say: “They are the festival days for the mushrikeen, and I like to act contrary to them.”(an-Nasai, Ibn Khuzaymah, who graded it saheeh, and Ibn Hajar agreed).

Further details on fasting of the six days is given below:

 

THAWWAB OF FASTING 6 DAYS OF SHAWWAL

Sayyiduna Thawban (Allah be pleased with him) relates that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him, his family, and companions) said:
Whoever fasts Ramadan, and then six days after Eid, it is an entire year. Whoever does a good deed shall have ten times its reward.[Ibn Majah, Muntaqa]

In another Hadith it is narratedthat Allahu taala will write in the record of the person the thawwab for all the Ummah of the Holy Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and that person will be with Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddique (radi Allahu anhu) in Heaven. In many Ahadith there is mention of whosoever keeping 6 fasts in Shawwal is akin to fasting for a whole year and also gets the reward of 40 Muslims martyred in the Battle of Badr. It is preferable to keep the fasts continuously.

In one Hadith it is stated that one gets the thawwab of freeing 60,000 slaves, giving 600,000 camels in the path of Allah, and for every fast kept on will get the thawwab of 600,000 years of prayers.

 

NAWAFIL PRAYERS IN SHAWWAL

Concerning the ritual prayer of thosewho are emancipated [from the Fire of Hell] in the month of Shawwal [salat al-‘utaqa’ fi Shawwal].

  1. A for the ritual prayer of those who are emancipated (from the Fire of Hell) in the month of Shawwal we learn from a traditional report, transmitted by a chain of reliable authorities from Hadhrat Anas bin Malik (radi Allahu anhu) that Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

If someone performseight rakaat of Nawafil in the month of Shawwal,either during the night or during the dayreciting in each cycle the Surah Fatiha once and Surah Ikhlas fifteen timesand when he has finished performing his salaat, he glorifies Allah [sabbaha] seventy times, and invokes Allah’s blessing upon the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) seventy timesby Him who sent me as a Prophet bearing the Truth [bi’l-Haqqi Nabiyyan], no servant [of the Lord] will perform this salaat, withoutAllah causing the fountains of wisdom [yanabi’ al-hikma] to well up in his heart, and causing his tongue to speak with wisdom, and showing him both the sickness of this world and the cure for that sickness.

By Him who sent me as a Prophet bearing the Truth [bi’l-Haqqi Nabiyyan], if someone performs this salaat, exactly as I have just described it,that person will not raise his head from his final prostration (sujud) until Allah has granted him forgiveness, and if he dies, he will die as a martyr to whom forgiveness has been granted.

Nor will any servant [of the Lord] perform this salaat, in the course of a journey, withoutAllah making it smooth and easy for him to travel and arrive at his intended destination. If he is burdened with debt, Allah will settle his debt. If he is needy, Allah will satisfy his needs.

By Him who sent me as a Prophet bearing the Truth [bi’l-Haqqi Nabiyyan], no servant [of the Lord] will perform this salaat, withoutAllahu taala granting himfor every letter ([harf) and every verse (ayat) (of his Qur’anic recitation) – a makhrafa in the Garden of Paradise.

Someone asked: “And what is this makhrafa, O Messenger of Allah?”

The Holy Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) explained:

(The term makhrafa is applied to) orchards in the Garden of Paradise, through which the rider may travel for a hundred years without passing beyond the shade of just one of the trees that grow there.(Ghuniyatuttalibeen – Tarteeb ShareefPg. 846 & 847)

  1. 2.Hadhrat Anas (radi Allahu anhu) has narrated that during the month of Shawwal if one prayed12 rakaat salaat, reciting Surah Ikhlas once after Surah Fatiha in each rakaat, and after the prayers recited Kalima Tamjid 70 times and Astaghfirullah wa atubu ilaihi 70 times, then a fountain of wisdom will flow from ones heart and tongue, one will be kept away from the hardships of this world and the hereafter and Allahu taala will forgive the persons sins, his debts will be paid, he will be awarded a special orchard of 10,000 fruits in Paradise and that person will be given the permission to intercede for 700 persons and take them into Paradise.

  1. 3. It is narrated in Hadith that any person who on onthe morning of Eid Day, before dawn on the day of Eid prays4 rakaat nawafil salaat, with Surah Ikhlas recited 21 times after Surah Fatiha in each rakaat,then Allahu taala will have all the8 doors of Heaven open to him and close the seven doors of Hell to him. The person will not die until he has seen in dream his palace in Heaven.(Resalah Fadail Asshuhoor)

  1. 4.In another narration, it is stated that should a person during the month of Shawwal prays8 rakaats nawafil salaat, in each rakaat after Surah Fatiha, recites Surah Ikhlas 50 times, and then after the prayers recites Subhanallah 70 times, and then recites the following Durood 70 times: Allahumma salli ala Muhammadin Nabi-yil Ummi-yi wa ala aalihi wa ba-rik wasallam;then Allahu taala will make his heart benevolent, open the doors of His Hikma to him, build a big house for him in Heaven and meet his requirements in this world as well.(Risala Fazail Shahoor)
Clarification on Fasting Six Days of Shawwal
The majority of the fuqaha, including the Hanafi, Shafi`i, and Hanbali school, have held that it is recommended to fast six days of the month of Shawwal.[Radd al-Muhtar; Mughni al-Muhtaj Shah al-Minhaj; Kashshaf al-Qina`]

It is permitted to fast these six days separately throughout the month, or consecutively, after Eid al-Fitr.

It is prohibitively disliked (makruh tahriman) and sinful to fast on Eid day itself.[Radd al-Muhtar]

The Shafi`is and Hanbalis state that it is superior to make the six fasts consecutive[Minhaj, Ghayat al-Muntaha]. Khatib al-Shirbini explains the reasoning as being, In order to hasten to do the good, and because of the problems inevitable in delaying, such as becoming lazy and not actually fulfilling this sunnah in the end, though he points out that the sunnah is fulfilled by both consecutive and non-consecutive fasting of six days in Shawwal.[Mughni al-Muhtaj]

The later Hanafi scholars differed as to which is better, fasting the six days consecutively or non-consecutively, though neither is disliked and both fulfill the sunnah.[Radd al-Muhtar]

However, it would be agreed that those who fear not fulfilling the recommendation due to laziness, forgetfulness or other excuses, should hasten to fast the six days consecutively immediately after Eid al-Fitr.

The reward is akin to having fasted obligatory fasts the entire year days, according to Buhuti, Shirbini, and others.

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayra (radi Allahu anhu) said that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,:
The strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah than the weak believer, though there is good in both. Be avid for that which benefits you. Rely on Allah and do not deem yourself incapable
[Muslim:4816, Ibn Majah:76, Ahmad:8436]

Imam Nawawi (rahmatullah alaihi) explained that the strength in this hadith refers to, Ones determination and ability in matters of the next life.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *