By Basil Hijazi
Terrorism Can Be Classified As Follows;
1- Transnational Terrorism
2- State-sponsored Terrorism
3- Sub-State Terrorism
4- Ideological Terrorism
5- Religious Terrorism that aims at eliminating its opponents
6- Political Terrorism
7- Media Terrorism which promotes the culture of violence and Takfiri
Some Significant Causes of Terrorism:
1- Terrorist groups think their rights are violated. Thus they
excessively use their power in order to achieve their rights and
compensate for what they think they have lost.
2- Getting Influenced by the violent religious literature; which
allows the use of violent resources for doing the right and forbidding
the wrong, or the literature that permits blood-shedding of those who
disbelieve the religion of the terrorists.
3- The big countries bullying the small countries want to establish
their domination on these small countries. In this effort not only do
they give rise to birth of terrorists but also, with the support of
the pre-established anti-national elements, damage the peace and
security of these small countries.
4- The countries feeding the terrorists attack the peaceful
environment of such small countries in order to destruct their
economies. For this purpose, they engage with the religiously-inspired
groups. As a result, the small countries become weaker and
consequently need the support of the big and rich countries. This way
the big countries attain more power.
5- With the tactics or rule of “War within Islam”, Islam is
attacked by Islam. Thus Islam is also accused of terrorism.
6- Constitutional clauses of some countries, by which these
governments work to cope with certain specific sections of society.
7- Governmental or non-governmental genocide
8- Terrorism of government-controlled organizations.
Methods to Prevent Terrorism
1. No justification should be accepted for any crime. In order to
curb the stream of terrorism, It is necessary to describe crime as
crime in all cases. If the door of justifying crime is opened or the
crime is divided into good and evil, there will be a high risk of
terrorism getting boosted.
2. Governments should act as per law and constitution, provide the
citizens with fast justice and condemn the violent ways used for
demanding the rights. The governments — which respect their nations,
provide the citizens with their rights from time to time and ensure
their freedom of expression, are hardly confronted with terrorism,
especially from internal elements.
3. Violent and extremist thinking should be considered to be a
constitutionally criminal act and thereupon the laws should be enacted
in this regard.
4. The media promoting terrorism should be banned, including TV
channels, newspapers, radios and websites, whether they belong to any
profession or any religion (Shi’a, Sunni, Christian, Jewish). They
should not be allowed to work this way.
5. The elements inviting for terrorism should be strictly punished,
without worrying much about their sanctity, such as Sheikh, Maulvi,
writer, author, columnist etc.
6. Religious scriptures should be updated and all the references
calling for violence and extremism should be deleted from them,
including the books of Shias, Sunnis, Christians and Jews. This should
be done without wasting further time.
7. The arms should be limited only to the government machinery. The
concept of trembling terrorism is not possible unless non-governmental
elements are disarmed.
8. Eventually the most important and essential thing is sincerity.
All these suggestions should be followed with full dedication and
The question also arises; why did such terrorist outfits come into
existence? Is it an effort to distort the face of Islam? If this is
really so, it is then also necessary to establish the ideological
reformation, as one of the aspects of this war is purely related to
ideology, faith and creed.