Environment and soul have an inseparable bond. Islamic teachings offer a fully holistic view of the World in which human beings and the world are all part of a single, conscious, breathing whole. The Holy Quran encourages us to live a healthy, fair and productive life with no harm to the Earth. It says, “Do not commit violence on earth and spread corruption” (2:60), and “Do not want corruption on earth. Indeed, God does not like corruptors.” (28:77).
According to the Quranic view, corruption on earth is not confined to only political crimes such as fraud, theft, rape, illegal banking or other abuse. Deforestation, toxic waste, pesticides, and tree cutting are also part of severe corruption and, consequently, brazen violation of true universal Islamic values.
It would be a noble endeavor to wage an eco-Jihad, to honor God, and to make sure we achieve eternal peace in this universe and the Hereafter. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) spent his entire life in an eco-Jihad, saving mankind, caring for all beings, preserving the world, planting trees and protecting the atmosphere.
When just 12 years old Prophet Muhammad ( PBUH) traveled with his uncle to Syria and took shelter under a tree. Today, the same tree is alive in the northern deserts of Jordan, after more than 1400 years. This tree which sheltered the Prophet (SAW) is the only living tree in the emptiness of hundreds of square miles. It speaks volumes of the utmost care the Prophet takes to preserve trees. He left behind a living inspiration to go green for all mankind, though his holy shrine is known as the “Green Tomb” It is one of the most visited Islamic heritage sites, highly venerated by Muslims from all over the world. The Prophet’s Companions (SAW) have also been keen to plant trees, protect wildlife and other environmental stewardship actions.
A popular quote from The Prophet (peace be upon him) clearly emphasizes the importance of conserving the environment-” Whoever plants a tree and looks after it faithfully until it matures and bears fruit is rewarded”. A lot of Hadiths emphasize the need to go green, preserve natural resources, protect wildlife, show kindness to animals and birds, plant trees and live moderately.